Whether to be buried or cremated is one of the first decisions to make. It is a choice dependent upon many factors, such as family precedent, values, religion, and intuitive preference. This may be a clear choice or one that needs to be considered further. We hope that the following information helps you to understand what each involves.
There are actually two parts to cremation, as there are two parts to burial:
- how the body is cared for in death
- how the person is memorialized by the living
How one's Body is Cared for in Death:
How is the body cared for if cremation is chosen? Most people are familiar with the concept of "ashes" as the result of cremation. The technical terms is "cremated remains." At James Reid Funeral Home, we have our own onsite Crematorium (a rarity for an Ontario funeral home). Therefore, we bring your loved one here and take care of them here.
We offer the family a time & place to be with their deceased family member one last time. Family Time is what we call it. A funeral director prepares the deceased in the cremation container or casket that has been purchased. The container or casket is draped in a quilt and placed in a comfortable suite--the same suites you may have been to before for a visitation or wake. But Family Time is a private time for family members to say goodbye. It is not required, as a photo may be submitted instead for identification purposes. Family Time is provided at no cost. Unless a family asks for embalming prior, the deceased is not embalmed.
Why do this? As with viewing prior to burial, identification of your loved one's body can help psychologically to understand what has happened. If you have been with your loved one recently, you may not need Family Time. It is up to you.
Our Crematorium also has a Viewing Area with safety glass windows.. From the Viewing Area, the family may view the cremation container being placed into the retort by the operator.
Our licensed Funeral Directors are certified Crematorium Operators, so the same personable professionals you talk with in the funeral home are the same ones carrying out your cremation wishes. The staff at James Reid Funeral Home will care for all the necessary documentation and transportation plus the cremation and disposition of the cremated remains.
Is a casket required for cremations? Ontario’s law requires that at a minimum, the deceased must be placed into a rigid combustible container. We make a container for basic cremations and also carry simple containers. Another option is a rental casket. A rental casket has an insert that slides out after the service, so that the casket itself is not cremated. Also, wooden and cloth caskets may be cremated, a good choice when visitation and/or a funeral service comes before cremation.
The "ashes", which we call "cremated remains," are put into a plastic container to give to you. An urn may be selected for the final disposition of the cremated remains. An urn is a container designed to hold the cremated remains permanently. It may be constructed from a variety of materials such as wood, bronze, copper, steel, pewter, granite, marble, clay pottery or fine porcelain. We have a large selection of urns available designed to reflect the lifestyle of an individual. Design your own urn with Eturnal Memorials!
Urns may also be personalized by engraving. Urns also come in a variety of sizes that allow more than one member of the family to have a portion of the cremated remains.Jewelry is another way to share cremated remains.
We offer a wide variety of cremation products such as urns, urn vaults for the burial of an urn, keepsake urns you can take home and cremation jewelry. We will transfer the cremated remains into any or all of these as you direct us.
What can you do with the cremated remains?
- Burial:the cremated remains may be buried in an existing cemetery plot or a new plot may be purchased. Cremated remains may not be buried anywhere else.
- Inurnment:the urn may be placed in a niche in an above ground structure called a columbarium.
- Burial and Inurnment are sanctioned practices of the Catholic church.
- Scattering: Cremated remains may be scattered on private or crown property, or public property if authorization is obtained. Properties may be bought and sold so it is important to know that once the scattering takes place, the cremated remains are irretrievable. Scattering on either public or private property may offend some people and there may be laws prohibiting such action. To scatter, the container must be opened.
- Keeping: many people prefer to have the urn at home with them. Smaller urns and cremation jewelry allow for cremated remains to be divided and kept by more than one.
- Shipping: you may wish for the cremated remains to be shipped to another country. We can look after these arrangements for you. You may also be permitted to take the cremated remains yourself to another country. Check with us first and we can assist you to obtain any additional documentation that may be required.
How the Person is Memorialized by the Living
Memorialization with cremation can be a private graveside service or a visitation and/or funeral service in our chapel or your church. Cremation also lends itself well to Celebrations of Life in our chapel or Celebration & Reception Centre. An urn of cremated remains may be present if cremation has taken place, and if cremation will take place after the service, the body may be present in a casket or cremation container. Please Contact Us with your thoughts, and consider your Funeral Options here.
Simply J.R. Basic Cremation
An Immediate Cremation with no services and simple pricing, our "Simply J.R." is also an option. The staff at James Reid Funeral Home will care for all the necessary documentation and transportation plus the cremation and disposition of the cremated remains, as well as provide Family Time.
What is Cremation?
Cremation is the process of reducing the human body to bone fragments using high heat and flame. The remains are placed in a container that is combustible and placed in a special furnace called a cremation chamber or a crematory where through intense heat is reduced to bone fragments that are then crushed and pulverized to resemble course sand. Cremation is not the final disposition of the remains, nor is it a type of funeral service.
Why choose Cremation?
Cremation is chosen by many people because of religious beliefs, the desire to preserve the environment or it was requested by the person who died. Cremation is also a less expensive option in comparison to a burial.
Some religions welcome cremation while others forbid it. The Catholic Church had banned cremation up until 1963, and burial and inurnment of remains are the preferred forms of disposition today. In other Christian denominations cremation was historically discouraged but nowadays it is more widely accepted. In eastern religions such as Hinduism, Jainism, Sikhism and Buddhism cremation is mandated, while in Islam it is strictly forbidden. Orthodox Jews also forbid cremation; other sects of Judaism support cremation, but burial of remains is the preferred option.
Is Cremation Cheaper Than Burial?
Typically, it is less expensive than earth burial. There are coroner fees to authorize the cremation, municipal fees to register it; the casket or cremation container, the cremation itself; an urn to purchase if desired and possible costs of burial or inurnment of the cremated remains. Our simple pricing allows for immediate/direct cremations at very competitive prices, with the free service of identification of your loved one in our funeral suites. Cremation may be followed by a memorial service, inurnment at a cemetery, and a reception.
How can I be sure I receive the correct remains?
James Reid Crematorium has developed a rigorous set of operating policies and procedures in order to maximize the level of service offered. Since it is illegal to perform more than one cremation at a time, and the vast majority of crematories can only cremate one body at a time, it is next to impossible to receive the incorrect remains.
How long does the actual cremation take?
It all depends on the weight of the individual. For an average sized adult, cremation can take two to three hours at a normal operating temperature of between 1,000 and 2,000 degrees Fahrenheit.
What do the cremated remains look like?
Cremated remains resemble coarse sand and are whitish to light grey in color. The remains of an average sized adult usually weighs between three and six pounds.
Are all the cremated remains returned?
With the exception of minute and microscopic particles, which are impossible to remove from the cremation chamber and processing machine, all of the cremated remains are given back to the family.